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Mollies originate from Mexico and Central America.  They can survive in brackish water and it improves their health to add a tablespoon of salt per gallon of water.  They prefer bushy plants, plenty of swimming room, warmer hard water and some of their own kind.  It is best to have a couple of females per male, as the males continually harass the females in order to breed.  The Molly comes in a wide variety of colors and three main types: short fin, sail fin and Mexican.  Some common names are the Black, Black Lyretail, Gold, Dalmation, Silver Sailfin, Black Sailfin and Gold Sailfin Molly.  Sailfin mollies are larger and have a long, broad dorsal fin.  The Mexican salfins are somewhat harder to keep and breed.

Males have a gonopodium which is used to fertilize the female.  Females are larger and broader.  One fertilization can result in several sets of births.  When pregnant, females have a dark gravid spot near their anal fin.  Females can have young every 3 to 4 weeks.  They will seek an area of seclusion to give birth and can have anywhere from 10 to more than 50 young.  Mollies will eat their young, so it is important to either have a heavy plant cover or a separate breeding tank.  A simple plastic breeding trap can be purchased at aquarium stores.

 Scientific Name:   Poecilia sp
 Family:   Poeciliid
 Temperature:   24 - 29 C; 75 - 84 F
 PH   7.5 - 8.2
 Size:    8 cm; 3 inches
 Life Span:    3 - 5 years
 Breeding:    Easy, Livebearer

Compatibility:

Angelfish, Barbs, Betta, Danios, Chinese Algae Eater, Clown Loach, Corydoras Catfish, GloFish, Guppies, Large Tetras, Platies, Plecostomus, one Red Tailed Shark, Silver Hatchet, Swordtails, White Clouds

Dalmatian Molly

(Poecilia latipinna)
Dalmatian Molly
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Moderate
Tank Conditions: 68-82F; pH 7.0-7.8; KH 10-25
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Black and White, Mottled
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: east coast of Florida, Gulf of Mexico, North Carolina
Family: Poeciliidae

The Dalmatian Molly is a hybrid color variation of Poecilia latipinna, the Sailfin Molly. The Dalmatian Molly has a black and white body, and is sometimes referred to as the Marbled Molly or Marbled Sailfin Molly. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. With a gradual acclimation, these fish may be maintained in either a freshwater aquarium or a saltwater aquarium. In the freshwater aquarium, a teaspoon of aquarium salt per gallon is recommended for optimum health.

The Dalmatian Molly prefers a tank of at least 30 gallons, densely planted with plenty of strong plants such as Java fern, Sagittaria, Vallisneria and Anubias. They require a good filtration system because of their hearty appetites. The Dalmatian Molly is well suited for the community tank because of its peaceful nature, and is compatible with other peaceful, large fish that can withstand hard water. They may pursue their young and the young of the other fish.

The pointed anal fin and much larger dorsal fin on the male, and the rounded anal fin and pregnancy spot on the female differentiate the two. The Dalmatian Molly is a livebearer that requires a spawning box in a large 25 gallon, or larger breeding tank. The aquarium should be planted as densely as possible or have a thick algae mat. Having a group of floating plants in the corner of the aquarium will promote rearing outside of the breeding tank. Every 60-70 days the female will give birth to 10-60 young that are already approximately one-half inch long.

The Dalmatian is omnivorous and requires algae. Provide these fish with an algae-based flake food, as well as freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp.

Black Sailfin Molly

(Poecilia latipinna)
Black Sailfin Molly
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Difficult
Tank Conditions: 75-82F; pH 7.5-8.5; KH 10-25
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 6"
Color Form: Black
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Yucatan, Mexico
Family: Poeciliidae

The Black Sailfin Molly, is also called the Mexican Sailfin Molly, Giant Sailfin Molly, and sometimes simply the Sailfin Molly, is a very hardy black color variation of the Poecilia latipinna, Sailfin Molly. They are a peaceful fish and prefer hard water. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. With a gradual acclimation, these fish may be maintained in either a freshwater or saltwater aquarium. In the freshwater aquarium, a minimum of a teaspoon of aquarium salt per gallon is recommended for optimum health.

The Black Sailfin Molly requires a tank of at least 30 gallons with algae and plenty of room to swim. The tall dorsal fin of the male will not develop if adequate room is not provided for him to swim. This species should only share a tank with other peaceful fish that prefer hard water with elevated salt levels.

The pointed anal fin and much larger dorsal fin on the male, and the rounded anal fin and pregnancy spot on the female differentiate the two. The Black Sailfin Molly is a livebearer that requires a spawning box in a large 25 gallon, or larger breeding tank. The aquarium should be planted as densely as possible or have a thick algae mat. Having a group of floating plants in the corner of the aquarium will promote rearing outside of the breeding tank. Every 60-70 days the female will give birth to 10-60 young that are already approximately one-half inch long.

The Black Sailfin Molly is omnivorous and requires both meaty foods as well as algae. Provide these fish with an algae-based flake food, as well as freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp.

Black Lyretail Molly

(Poecilia latipinna)
Black Lyretail Molly
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Moderate
Tank Conditions: 68-82F; pH 7.0-7.8; KH 10-25
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 5"
Color Form: Black
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Farm Raised, Singapore
Family: Poeciliidae

The Black Lyretail Molly is a hybrid variation of Poecilia latipinna, the Sailfin Molly. The Black Lyretail Molly is black with white highlights on its fins, and has a somewhat lyre-shaped caudal fin. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. With a gradual acclimation, these fish may be maintained in either a freshwater or saltwater aquarium. In the freshwater aquarium, a teaspoon of aquarium salt per gallon is recommended for optimum health.

The Black Lyretail Molly prefers a tank of at least 30 gallons with plenty of strong plants such as Java Fern, Sagittaria, Vallisneria,and Anubias. They require a good filtration system because of their hearty appetites and resulting waste products. The Black Lyretail Molly is well suited for the community tank because of its peaceful nature, and is compatible with other peaceful, large fish that can withstand similar water conditions.

The pointed anal fin and much larger dorsal fin on the male, and the rounded anal fin and pregnancy spot on the female differentiate the two. The Black Lyretail Molly is a livebearer that requires a spawning box in a 25 gallon, or larger breeding tank. The aquarium should be planted as densely as possible or have a thick algae mat. Having a group of floating plants in the corner of the aquarium will promote rearing outside of the breeding tank. Every 60-70 days the female give birth to 10-60 young that are already approximately one-half inch long.

The Black Lyretail Molly is omnivorous and that prefers both meaty foods as well as algae. Provide these fish with an algae-based flake food, as well as freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp.

Balloon Molly

(Poecilia latipinna)
Balloon Molly
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Moderate
Tank Conditions: 68-82F; pH 7.0-7.8; KH 10-25
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 3"
Color Form: Black, White, Yellow
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: east coast of Florida, Gulf of Mexico, North Carolina
Family: Poeciliidae

The Balloon Molly is a hybrid variation of Poecilia latipinna,the Sailfin Molly. The Balloon Molly has an arched back and a rounded, large belly.  Color varieties include a combination of black, yellow, and white. These fish also have a large, lyre-shaped caudal fin and an impressive dorsal fin. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. With a gradual acclimation, these fish may be maintained in either a freshwater aquarium or a saltwater aquarium. In the freshwater aquarium, a teaspoon of aquarium salt per gallon is recommended for optimum health.

The Balloon Molly prefers a tank of at least 30 gallons with lots of strong plants such as Java fern, Sagittaria, Vallisneria and Anubias. They require a good filtration system because of their hearty appetites. The Balloon Molly is well suited for the community tank because of its peaceful nature, and is compatible with other peaceful, large fish that can withstand similar water conditions. They may pursue their young and the young of other fish.

The pointed anal fin and much larger dorsal fin on the male, and the rounded anal fin and pregnancy spot on the female differentiate the two. The Balloon Molly is a livebearer that requires a spawning box in a 25 gallon, or larger breeding tank. The aquarium should be planted as densely as possible or have a thick algae mat. Having a group of floating plants in the corner of the aquarium will promote rearing outside of the breeding tank. Every 60-70 days the female give birth to 10-60 young that are already approximately one-half inch long.

The Balloon Molly is omnivorous and requires both meaty foods as well as algae. Provide these fish with an algae-based flake food, as well as freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp.

Platinum Lyretail Molly

(Poecilia velifera)
Platinum Lyretail Molly
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 75-82F; pH 7.5-8.5; KH 10-25
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 5"
Color Form: Gold, Platinum
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Yucatan, Mexico
Family: Poeciliidae

The Platinum Lyretail Molly, also called the Mexican Lyretail Molly, Giant Lyretail Molly, Yucatan Molly, and sometimes simply Lyretail Molly, is a hybrid color variation of the Poecilia velifera, Lyretail Molly. They are a platinum/gold-colored fish that are peaceful and prefer hard water. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. With a gradual acclimation, these fish may be maintained in either a freshwater or saltwater aquarium. In the freshwater aquarium, a minimum of a teaspoon of aquarium salt per gallon is recommended for optimum health.

The Platinum Lyretail Molly requires a tank of at least 30 gallons with algae and plenty of room to swim. The tall dorsal fin of the male will not develop if adequate room is not provided for him to swim. This species should only share a tank with other peaceful fish that prefer hard water with elevated salt levels.

The pointed anal fin and much larger dorsal fin on the male, and the rounded anal fin and pregnancy spot on the female differentiate the two. The Platinum Lyretail Molly is a livebearer that requires a spawning box in a 25 gallon, or larger breeding tank. The tank should be planted as densely as possible or have a thick algae mat. Having a group of floating plants in the corner of your tank will promote rearing outside of the breeding tank. Every 60-70 days the female will give birth to 10-60 young that are already approximately one-half inch long.

The Platinum Lyretail Molly is omnivorous and requires both meaty foods as well as algae. Provide these fish with an algae-based flake food, as well as freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp.

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