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Rainbows

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Dwarf Neon
The Dwarf Neon Rainbow originates from New Guinea.  It is also known as the Dwarf Rainbow, the Neon Dwarf Rainbow and the Neon Blue Rainbow.  It is probably the most popular of all rainbows, because of its small size, its bright color, its active schooling nature and its compatibility with many other fish.  The body is bright iridescent neon blue and silver.  Males have red on the edges of their dorsal, anal and caudal fins.  Females tend to be paler and to have yellow on their fin edges.  Dwarf Neon Rainbows should be kept in groups of at least 6.  They like well planted tanks with lots of open swimming space.  They will eat floating flake foods and freeze dried bloodworms.  They will also benefit from occasional live brine shrimp feedings.

The red fin tips make it easy to determine the sex of Dwarf Neon Rainbows, but successful breeding can be quite difficult.  Unlike most rainbows, dwarf neon's prefer acidic soft water, so a change in water conditions in the breeding tank may help.  Spawning is easily accomplished by introducing a male and several females in a separate breeding tank.  The eggs are spread among bushy plants or Java Moss.  The trick is that the young are too small to eat live brine shrimp.  Solutions include feeding fine powders or using bright spot lighting to help the young find live foods.  Dwarf Neon Rainbows are continuous breeders, which means that they can spawn repeatedly in a period of days. That makes it more efficient to continually remove the young after spawning instead of the parents, although well fed parents will not bother the young.

For more information than you can imagine about Rainbows, link to Home of the Rainbowfish.

 Scientific Name:   Melanotaenia praecox
 Family:   Rainbowfish
 Temperature:   22 - 28 C; 72 - 82 F
 PH   5.8 - 7.0
 Size:    6 cm; 2 inches
 Life Span:    4 years
 Breeding:    Difficult, Egg layer

Compatibility:

Bala Sharks, Barbs, Danios, Clown Loaches, Corydoras, Dwarf Cichlids, Guppies, Mollies, one Pleco, one Red Tailed Black Shark, one Rainbow Shark, Rasboras, Platies, Swordtails, Tetras - both large and small.
Bosemani
The Bosemani Rainbow originates from New Guinea and is not a beginner's fish.  It is also called a Boseman's Rainbow and a Boesemani Rainbow.  The front half of its body is greyish/blue and the back half is yellow.  Like most rainbows, it has two dorsal fins.  The rear dorsal fin and the anal fin are very broad.  Males are generally more colorful.  The Bosemani is a fast moving fish and should be kept in groups of 6 or more.  A large aquarium and regular water changes are essential.  Bosemani eat flake foods and freeze dried blood worms.  They also can be fed brine shrimp occasionally.

Prospective females and a male should be fed live foods to induce breeding.  The breeding tank should have dense plants.  Spawning usually begins in the morning and can extend over days. Water quality should be near the top of their pH range.  It is preferable to remove the adults after breeding.  The fry hatch after two weeks and should be fed Infusoria and brine shrimp.

(Melanotaenia boesemani)
  Click here for a larger image
Boesemani Rainbow
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-77F; pH 6.5-7.2; KH 5-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 3"
Color Form: Blue, Orange
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Farm Raised, Thailand
Family: Melanotaeniidae

A popular fish because of the color of the males, which are blue/purple with orange and yellow on the posterior of the body, the Boesemani Rainbow, or Boeseman's Rainbow is a good centerpiece for the aquarium. The Rainbowfish are known for their characteristic large eyes, black or silver band that runs through the middle scale rows, deeply forked mouth, and two dorsal fins. The female of this species is not as colorful and is mostly silver in coloration.

This peaceful Rainbow is a schooling fish that does best in a planted aquarium with plenty of room to swim. The aquarium should have a gravel substrate that may aid in intensifying the colors of the fish if a dark gravel is used. When maintaining a school of these fish, an aquarium that is at least 4ft in length should be used.

An egg layer, Melanotaenia boesemani spawns on moss throughout several days. The fry hatch after six or seven days and require small pieces of live food. We are offering juveniles of this species, and they are too immature to differentiate between the sexes.

Although Boesemani Rainbow have large mouths, their throats tend to be narrow. Foods fed should not be too large. The Boesemani Rainbow is an omnivore and should eat a mixed diet of prepared flakes, frozen, and live foods.

 Scientific Name:   Melanotaenia boesemani
 Family:   Rainbowfish
 Temperature:   27 - 30 C; 81 - 86 F
 PH   7.0 - 8.0
 Size:    9 cm; 3.5 inches
 Life Span:    4 years
 Breeding:    Normal, Egg layer

Compatibility:

Bala Sharks, Barbs, Danios, Clown Loaches, Mollies, one Pleco, one Red Tailed Black Shark, one Rainbow Shark, Rainbows, Platies, Swordtails,

Australian Rainbow

(Melanotaenia splendida)
Australian Rainbow
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-75F; pH 6.5-7.2; KH 10-20
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 5"
Color Form: Gold
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Australia
Family: Melanotaeniidae

The Australian Rainbow, also known as the Western Splendid Rainbow, is one of more than five subspecies of Melanotaenia splendida. Rainbowfish are known for their characteristic large eyes, black or silver band that runs through the middle scale rows, deeply forked mouth, and two dorsal fins.

This peaceful Rainbow is a schooling fish that thrives in a planted aquarium, but not too densely planted that there is insufficient free-swimming places available. The aquarium should have a gravel substrate; the colors of the fish may intensify with a dark colored gravel.

An egg layer, the Australian Rainbow reproduces more easily in a separate breeding tank with a moss substrate. Courtship begins with the male displaying his brightest colors. At a temperature of 75F, the fry will hatch after six or seven days. After the fry hatch, the adults should be removed from the breeding tank. The fry should be fed an omnivorous diet starting 24 hours after they hatch, as they are still being fed by their yolk sac.

Although Australian Rainbows have large mouths, their throats tend to be narrow. With this in mind, foods should not be too large. The Australian Rainbow is an omnivore and should eat a mixed diet of flake foods, live foods, and plant matter.

Red Rainbow

Banded Rainbow

Celebes Rainbow

(Telmatherina ladigesi)
Celebes Rainbow
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 20 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-77F; pH 7.0-7.5; KH 12-20
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 3"
Color Form: Gray
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Indonesia
Family: Athterinidae

The Celebes Rainbow is a schooling fish that should be kept with other peaceful fish. The colorful males have an extended second dorsal and anal fin. Natural lighting intensifies their colors.

The aquarium for this peaceful Rainbow should have plants but also needs large open spaces for swimming. Water conditions should remain stable, as the Celebes is sensitive to changes.

Spawning takes place over moss or the eggs may be laid among plants. After hatching, usually about ten days, fry may be fed prepared live foods or brine shrimp.

Although Celebes Rainbows have large mouths, their throats tend to be narrow. Small pieces of an omnivore diet of prepared flakes, algae, or live foods should be fed.

Praecox Rainbow

(Melanotaenia praecox)
  Click here for a larger image
Praecox Rainbow
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 20 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 64-72F; pH 5.8-6.5; KH 8-12
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 3"
Color Form: Blue-Green, Red, Turquoise
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Farm Raised, Malaysia
Family: Melanotaeniidae

The Praecox Rainbow, otherwise known as the Dwarf Neon Rainbow, is a peaceful schooling fish. Rainbowfish are known for their characteristic large eyes, black or silver band that runs through the middle scale rows, deeply forked mouths, and two dorsal fins.

A planted aquarium with plenty of free swimming places available will provide a good environment for Melanotaenia praecox. A dark colored gravel substrate may intensify the Praecox Rainbow's colors.

The Praecox Rainbow is an egg layer that spawns over a moss substrate. At a temperature of around 75F, the fry will hatch after six or seven days. Adults should be removed from the fry after hatching. Fry should be fed small pieces of live foods such as brine shrimp.

Although Praecox Rainbows have large mouths, their throats tend to be narrow. With this in mind, foods should not be too large. The Praecox Rainbow should be fed an omnivorous diet of prepared flakes, frozen, and live foods.

Threadfin Rainbow

(Iriatherina werneri)
Threadfin Rainbow
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 10 gallon
Care Level: Moderate
Tank Conditions: 72-77F; pH 5.8-6.5; KH 7-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 2"
Color Form: Brown, Gold
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Asia, Australia
Family: Melanotaeniidae

The Threadfin or Featherfin Rainbow is one of a few Rainbows in which the males have long threads extending from their dorsal and anal fins. Rainbows are known for their characteristic large eyes, black or silver band that runs through the middle scale rows, deeply forked mouth, and two dorsal fins.

This peaceful Rainbowfish is a schooling fish that does best in a well planted aquarium. Rainbows appreciate a gravel substrate and may intensify their colors against a dark colored gravel.

An egg layer, the Threadfin Rainbow spawns on large clumps of moss. The parents should be removed from the breeding tank before the eggs hatch, usually after seven or eight days. The fry should be fed very small live foods.

Although Threadfin Rainbows have large mouths, their throats tend to be narrow. With this in mind, foods should not be too large. Iriatherina werneri should be fed an omnivore diet of small live foods and prepared foods.

Turquoise Rainbow

(Melanotaenia lacustris)
Turquoise Rainbow
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-77F; pH 6.5-7.2; KH 10-12
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Turquoise
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Australia, New Guinea
Family: Melanotaeniidae

Turquoise or Lake Kutubu Rainbowfish have striking colors, with males having an intense blue color, that make for a great centerpiece in the aquarium. Rainbowfish are known for the characteristic large eyes, black or silver band that runs through the middle scale rows, deeply forked mouth, and two dorsal fins.

This peaceful fish is a schooling fish that should be housed in a planted aquarium with plenty of swimming room. A gravel substrate will add to a good environment and, if dark enough, may intensify the colors of the fish.

An egg layer, Melanotaenia lacustris spawns over moss in early morning or just after dawn in low to moderate lighting. The fry hatch after roughly eight days and should be fed small live foods such as brine shrimp.

Although Tourquoise Rainbows have large mouths, their throats tend to be narrow. Foods fed should be small in size. Their omnivorous diet should include prepared flake, frozen, and live foods.

Axelrodi Rainbow

(Melanotaenia herbertaxelrodi)
Axelrodi Rainbow
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 64-72F; pH 6.5-7.2; KH 10-15
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Blue-Green
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Australia, New Guinea
Family: Melanotaeniidae

The Axelrodi Rainbow, or Lake Tebera Rainbow, is a peaceful, schooling fish that shows its best colors in sunlight. Rainbowfish are known for their characteristic large eyes, black or silver band that runs through the middle scale rows, deeply forked mouth, and two dorsal fins.

The aquarium for a Melanotaenia herbertaxelrodi should have plants in bunches with open water in the middle of the aquarium. A dark colored gravel substrate may intensify the Axlerodi Rainbow's colors.

An egg layer, the Axelrodi Rainbow spawns over moss with the fry hatching after about seven days. The fry should be fed small live foods such as brine shrimp. Morning sunlight may trigger spawning.

Although Axelrodi Rainbow have large mouths, their throats tend to be narrow. Small pieces of foods such as prepared flake, frozen, and live foods should be fed.

Madagascan Rainbow

(Bedotia gaeyi)
Madagascan Rainbow
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 68-75F; pH 7.5-8.5; KH 10-15
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 6"
Color Form: Gold
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Madagascar
Family: Athterinidae

The Madagascan Rainbow was identified in 1907 and is a member of the Silverside group. Rainbowfish are known for their characteristic large eyes, black or silver band that runs through the middle scale rows, deeply forked mouth, and two dorsal fins. The male Madagascans are brightly colored with their first dorsal fin coming to a point while the females are more yellow in color and have a deeper body.

This peaceful fish is a schooling fish that should be housed in a planted aquarium with plenty of room to swim as they are very active.  Madagascan Rainbows do best with a gravel substrate and its colors may intensify with a dark colored gravel. When maintaining a school of these fish, an aquarium that is at least 4ft in length should be used.

An egg layer, Bedotia gaeyi spawn over fine-leaved plants. During courtship, the male will show his brightest colors. At a temperature of 75F, the fry will hatch after six or seven days.

Although Madagascan Rainbows have large mouths, their throats tend to be narrow. With this in mind, foods should not be too large. The Madagascan Rainbow is an omnivore and should eat a mixed diet of flake foods, live foods, and algae.

Assorted Pseudomugil Rainbow

(Pseudomugil sp.)
Assorted Pseudomugil Rainbow
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 20 gallons
Care Level: Difficult
Tank Conditions: 72-77F; pH 7.5-8.5; KH 12-15
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 2"
Color Form: Gold, Tan
Temperament: Aggressive
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Australia, New Guinea
Family: Pseudomugilidae

Pseudomugil Rainbowfish are schooling fish, with the males being larger than the females and having a longer first dorsal fin. Rainbowfish are known for their characteristic large eyes, black or silver band that runs through the middle scale rows, deeply forked mouth, and two dorsal fins.

This moderately aggressive fish is best housed in a planted aquarium with plenty of space to swim. Pseudomugil Rainbows should have a gravel substrate; the colors of this fish may intensify if a darker colored gravel is used.

Pseudomugil sp. spawns on fine-leaved plants or over moss. The fry will hatch two to three weeks after spawning and should be fed fresh live foods such as brine shrimp. Morning sunlight directed into the aquarium may trigger spawning.

Although Pseudomugil Rainbows have large mouths, their throats tend to be narrow. Pseudomugil Rainbowfish are omnivores but prefer fresh live foods.

Red Irian Rainbow

(Glossolepis incisis)
Red Irian Rainbow
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-77F; pH 65-7.2; KH 10-15
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Red
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Asia, Australia
Family: Melanotaeniidae

One of the most popular Rainbowfish, the Red Irian or Red Rainbow has brightly colored males and silvery females. A male fish, without a female present, may become duller in color. Rainbowfish are known for their characteristic large eyes, black or silver band that runs through the middle scale rows, deeply forked mouth, and two dorsal fins.

This schooling fish should be housed in a planted aquarium, but not too densely planted that there is insufficient free-swimming space as these are active fish. The Red Iran Rainbow requires a gravel substrate and you may find that their colors intensify with a dark colored gravel.

An egg layer, Glossolepis incisus spawns throughout a number of days over moss. The adults should be removed after spawning and the eggs should be raised and hatched separately. The fry should be fed very small live foods.

Although Red Irian Rainbows have large mouths, their throats tend to be narrow; small foods should be fed. An omnivorous diet of prepared foods and plenty of live foods are best for the Red Iran Rainbow.

Ornate Rainbow

(Rhadinocentrus ornatus)
 
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-77F; pH 6.5-7.2; KH 10-12
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Pink, Turquoise
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Australia
Family: Melanotaeniidae

The Ornate Rainbow originates within the streams, pools and slackwaters of Australia. There are two strains of this species, red and yellow. The strain that we are offering is the red strain, and is farm raised. Rainbowfish are known for their characteristic large eyes, black or silver band that runs through the middle scale rows, deeply forked mouth, and two dorsal fins.

This peaceful rainbow is a schooling fish that will do best a well planted aquarium. Ornate Rainbows require a gravel substrate and their colors may intensify with a dark colored gravel.

An egg layer, the Ornate Rainbow reproduces more easily in a separate breeding tank with a moss substrate. The adults should be removed from the breeding tank after the fry hatch, usually after six or seven days. The fry should be fed an omnivore diet starting 24 hours after they hatch as they are still being fed by their yolk sac.

Although Ornate Rainbows have large mouths their throats tend to be narrow. An omnivore diet of flake foods, live foods, and plant matter should be fed in small pieces.

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