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Gold Nugget Pleco (L-18)

(Baryancistrus sp.)
Gold Nugget Pleco (L-18)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
Care Level: Moderate
Tank Conditions: 73-79F; pH 6.5-7.0; KH 8-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 6"
Color Form: Brown, Gold
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The name "Gold Nugget Pleco" is short for "Gold Nugget Plecostomus." It is a suckermouth catfish which was first captured and exported to Great Britain in 1981. Due to the abundance of stock available in the catfish category, it has become very difficult to categorize them by species. As a result, you may see a reference to the letter "L" for the family Loricariidae, followed by a number. The Gold Nugget Pleco is referred to as L018 or L-18 by most hobbyists.

The Gold Nugget Pleco is a shy bottom-dweller that appreciates plenty of driftwood in its environment.

Unfortunately, the Gold Nugget's breeding habits have not been documented.

Feeding the Gold Nugget Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a finicky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the tank, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, and freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex.

Sailfin Pleco (L-83)

(Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps)
  Click here for a larger image
Sailfin Pleco (L-83)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 125 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 74-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 1' 6"
Color Form: Brown
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Sailfin Gibbiceps Pleco comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. The body is different shades of brown with a pattern of lighter markings covering it. This species receives its name from its large dorsal fin. Sailfin Gibbiceps Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

The Albino Marble Sailfin Pleco, is a captive-bred species known by many scientific names, the most common being Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps. The Marble Sailfin Pleco is also known as the Spotted Sailfin Plecostomus. Originating from the Rio Pacaya in Peru, South America, the Marble Sailfin Pleco is a peaceful, bottom-dwelling member of the armour-plated catfish group.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Sailfin Pleco. A recommended minimum tank of 125 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Sailfin Pleco spawns in tunnels dug out of the mud banks of various tributaries. A very large aquarium with a wall of mud is required for this species to spawn. Because of this requirement, it has not yet been done in an aquarium.

Feeding the Sailfin Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Bushy Nose Pleco L-144

(Ancistrus sp.)
  Click here for a larger image
Bushy Nose Pleco L-144
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 74-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Brown, Orange, Pale
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Bushy Nose Plecostomus, also known as the Bristlenose Plecostomus, comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. It is mainly brown, with a mottling of lighter areas. The mouth area and nose are covered in short, whisker-like appendages, which are used for detecting food. There are also many color and fin variations available. Bushy Nose Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

The Orange Bushy Nose Pleco is a variation that is orange with dark brown or black markings. These plecos will darken with age, as well as gain whiskers on the nose. The Albino Gold Bushy Nose Pleco, also known as the Yellow-Ancistrus, comes from the Amazon Basin of South America. The Albino Long Fin Pleco comes from the rivers and tributaries of Paraguay. They are pale in coloration with very long flowing fins. Like other albino fish, these plecos have the signature red eyes.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to cut down on stress for the Bushy Nose Plecostomus. A recommended minimum tank of 30 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Bushy Nose Plecostomus is relatively easy to breed and breeding occurs mostly in the winter months. This Plecostomus can be triggered to breed in the late fall by performing a 75% water change. The eggs are usually deposited on a piece of driftwood where the male will stay to guard them. The fry will become waterborne in approximately 10 days, at which time, they should be removed and raised in a separate aquarium. Feed the fry mashed and peeled peas.

Feeding the Bushy Nose Plecostomus is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Thomasi Pleco (L-188a)

(Chaestostoma sp.)
Thomasi Pleco (L-188a)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 74-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 6"
Color Form: Gold, Pale Brown
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Thomasi Plecostomus comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. The body is light brown to gold with the scales being outlined in a darker brown to gray, giving this fish a heavily-armored look. Thomasi Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Thomasi Plecostomus. A recommended minimum tank of 50 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Thomasi Plecostomus has not been bred in an aquarium and little is known about their breeding habits.

Feeding the Thomasi Plecostomus is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a finicky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Tiger Pleco (L-02)

(Peckoltia vermiculata)
Tiger Pleco (L-02)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-76F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 8-12
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 6"
Color Form: Amber, Brown
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Tiger Pleco comes from the Amazon Basin of South America. It gets its name from the striped pattern it has on its body. Constant temperature and pH levels will help maintain this peaceful Plecostomus' health. Tiger Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with high aeration and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Tiger Pleco. A 30 gallon aquarium or larger is recommended for this species.

Breeding in an aquarium setting has not been successful yet, however, different methods are being used in the industry. The Tiger Plecostomus is an egg-layer, that tends to use plants and rocks as an anchor.

Feeding the Tiger Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Starry Night Pleco (L-183)

(Ancistris sp.)
Starry Night Pleco (L-183)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Black, White
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Starry Night Pleco comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. The main color is black with small white spots covering the entire body, resembling stars. The dorsal fin and tail are outlined in white, and the nose and mouth area have long bristles. Starry Night Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Starry Night Pleco. A recommended minimum tank of 30 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Starry Night Pleco has not been bred in an aquarium and little is known about their breeding habits.

Feeding the Starry Night Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Zebra Pleco, True (L-46)

(Hypancistrus zebra)
Zebra Pleco, True (L-46)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Moderate
Tank Conditions: 77-86F; pH 6.0-7.5; KH 5-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 3"
Color Form: Black and White
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Zebra Pleco is a dwarf species that reaches a maximum size of three inches in length. It is one of the many members of the Loricariidae family, the suckermouth catfish. Due to the great variety within the catfish category, it has become very difficult to categorize them by species. As a result, you may see a reference to the letter "L" for the family Loricariidae, followed by a number. The Zebra is referred to as L-46.

The Zebra pleco is a nocturnal fish making its rounds during the evening. This highly sought after species occupies the bottom of the aquarium and appreciates plenty of rockwork and driftwood in its environment for hiding. This shy fish should not be kept with other bottom dwelling fish that will out compete Zebras for food. Ideally the aquarium should be maintained at water temperatures between 77-86 degrees, with an abundance of live plants in order to provide an oxygen rich environment.

Unlike other algae eating Loricarids, Zebra Plecos do not chew on driftwood. The Zebra Pleco should be fed meaty foods that sink to the bottom of the aquarium. Ideal foods include a high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, and frozen or freeze-dried bloodworms tubifex and brine shrimp, as well as sinking algae wafers.

Queen Arabesque Pleco (L-260)

(Hypancistrus sp.)
Queen Arabesque Pleco (L-260)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
Care Level: Moderate
Tank Conditions: 73-79F; pH 6.5-7.0; KH 8-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Brown, Cream
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Queen Arabesque is a dwarf pleco that reaches a maximum size of four inches in length. It is one of the many members of the Loricariidae family, the suckermouth catfish. Due to the abundance of stock available in the catfish category, it has become very difficult to categorize them by species. As a result, you may see a reference to the letter "L" for the family Loricariidae, followed by a number. The Queen Arabesque is referred to as L-260.

The Queen Arabesque dwells on the bottom of the aquarium and appreciates plenty of driftwood in its environment.

Feeding the Queen Arabesque Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not picky. Feeding off the bottom of the tank, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplementing with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, and freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex.

Medusa Head Pleco (L-34)

(Ancistris ranchulus)
Medusa Head Pleco (L-34)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 74-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 6"
Color Form: Black, Brown
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Medusa Head Plecostomus comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. The catfish's main body color is brownish black, with a wide head that tapers to a slender posterior. The mouth area and nose are covered in short whisker-like appendages, which are used for detecting food. These fish make an unusual addition to any community tank.

Planted tanks with hearty fast growing plants, high aeration and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to cut down on stress for the Medusa Head Plecostomus. A recommended minimum of 30 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

Feeding the Medusa Head Plecostomus is not difficult due to the fact that it is not picky. Feeding off the bottom of the tank, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex.

Hairy Tiger Pleco (L-105)

(Peckoltia sp.)
Hairy Tiger Pleco (L-105)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Brown
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Hairy Tiger Plecostomus, also known as the Hairy Plecostomus, comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. It is brown with irregular yellow markings covering the entire body and fins. It also has spines or small hooks that project off of the end of the scales running down the sides. Hairy Tiger Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to cut down on stress for the Hairy Tiger Plecostomus. A recommended minimum tank of 30 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Hairy Tiger Plecostomus has not been bred in an aquarium and little is known about their breeding habits.

Feeding the Hairy Tiger Plecostomus is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Golden Stripes Peckoltia Pleco (LDA-20)

(Peckoltia sp.)
Golden Stripes Peckoltia Pleco (LDA-20)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 74-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Brown, Yellow
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricoriidae

The Golden Stripes Peckoltia Pleco comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. The main body color is brown with off white to yellow irregular stripes. This sleek dwarf Pleco is ideal for any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Golden Stripes Peckoltia Pleco. A recommended minimum tank of 30 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Golden Stripes Peckoltia has yet to spawn in an aquarium setting, so the breeding habits of this incredible fish are not yet recorded.

Feeding the Golden Stripes Peckoltia Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplementing with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Gold Banded Peckoltia Pleco (L-134)

(Peckoltia vittata)
Gold Banded Peckoltia Pleco (L-134)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-76F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 8-12
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Brown
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricoriidae

The Gold Banded Peckoltia Plecostomus comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. It is a dark brown in color with yellow stripes covering the entire body and fins. Gold Banded Peckoltia Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement provide for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to cut down on stress for the Gold Banded Peckoltia Plecostomus. A recommended minimum tank of 30 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The breeding habits and the difference between sexes of the Gold Banded Peckoltia Plecostomus are unknown.

Feeding the Gold Banded Peckoltia Plecostomus is not difficult since it is not a finicky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Tooth-Nose Pleco (L-07a)

(Leporacanthicus galaxias)
Tooth-Nose Pleco (L-07a)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-76F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 8-12
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 9"
Color Form: Black, Yellow
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Tooth-Nose Pleco, also known as the Vampire or Galaxy Pleco, comes from the Amazon Basin of South America. It is black with many striking yellow spots covering the entire body. The common name for this catfish comes from the bristle-like barbells that are present on the upper side of the mouth. Tooth-Nose Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with high aeration and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to cut down on stress for the Tooth-Nose Pleco. A recommended minimum tank of 50 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

Breeding in an aquarium setting has not been successful yet, however, different methods are being used in the industry. The Tooth-Nose Plecostomus is an egg-layer that tends to use plants and rocks as an anchor.

Feeding the Tooth-Nose Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Redtail Leopard Pleco (L-114)

(Pseudoacanthicus leopardus)
Redtail Leopard Pleco (L-114)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 74-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 1'
Color Form: Brown
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Redtail Leopard Plecostomus, also known as the Leopard Acanthicus, comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. The body is varying shades of brown with black spots, covering the entire body and fins, resembling the pattern of a leopard. Redtail Leopard Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to cut down on stress for the Redtail Leopard Plecostomus. A recommended minimum tank of 70 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Redtail Leopard Plecostomus has not been bred in an aquarium and little is known about their breeding habits.

Feeding the Redtail Leopard Plecostomus is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Snowball Pleco (L-102)

(Peckoltia sp.)
Snowball Pleco (L-102)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 5"
Color Form: Black
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Snowball Plecostomus comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. It is black with large white spots covering the entire body and fins. Snowball Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Snowball Plecostomus. A recommended minimum tank of 30 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Snowball Plecostomus has not been bred in an aquarium setting and little is known about their breeding habits.

Feeding the Snowball Plecostomus is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Angelicus Pleco (L-05)

(Peckoltia angelicus)
Angelicus Pleco (L-05)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 74-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Black, Cream, White, Yellow
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricoriidae

The Angelicus Pleco comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. The main body color is Black with a cream colored belly and small whitish yellow spots covering the body. This dwarf Pleco is ideal for any community tank.

Planted tanks with hearty fast growing plants, high aeration and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to cut down on stress for the Angelicus Pleco. A recommended minimum of 30 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

Feeding the Angelicus Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not picky. Feeding off the bottom of the tank, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplementing with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, and freeze dried bloodworms and tubifex.

Gold Royal Pleco (L-027)

(Panaque nigrolineatus)
Gold Royal Pleco (L-027)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 125 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 74-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 1' 3"
Color Form: Black, Brown
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Gold Royal Plecostomus, also known as the Golden Line Royal Plecostromus, comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. It is dark brown to black with irregular golden horizontal stripes. The rays of the fins are also golden. Gold Royal Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hardy, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement provide a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce the stress for the Gold Royal Plecostomus. A recommended minimum tank of 125 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Gold Royal Plecostomus has not been bred in an aquarium and little is known about their breeding habits.

Feeding the Gold Royal Plecostomus is not difficult since it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Chocolate Chip Spiny Pleco (L-160)

(Pseudoacanthicus spinosus)
Chocolate Chip Spiny Pleco (L-160)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 67-75F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 1'
Color Form: Brown, Gray
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Chocolate Chip Spiny Plecostomus, also known as the Spiny Monster and the Spinny-Acanthicus, comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. The main color is brown with black spots covering the entire body and fins resembling chocolate chips. Chocolate Chip Spiny Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Chocolate Chip Spiny Plecostomus. A recommended minimum tank of 70 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Chocolate Chip Spiny Plecostomus has not been bred in an aquarium setting and little is known about their breeding habits.

Feeding the Chocolate Chip Spiny Plecostomus is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Mango Pleco (L-47)

(Parancistrus sp. Magnum)
Mango Pleco (L-47)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-76F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 8-12
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 11"
Color Form: Bright Green, Bright Yellow
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Mango Pleco comes from the Amazon Basin of South America. This Pleco can be identified by its lime green body coloration with a bright yellow stripe on both the dorsal and caudal fin. This hard to find species makes a good addition to any community tank.

Planted tanks with high aeration and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to cut down on stress for the Mango Pleco. A recommended minimum of 70 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

Breeding in captivity has not been successful yet, however different methods are being used in the industry. This is an egg laying Plecostomus that tends to use plants and rocks as an anchor.

Feeding the Mango Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not picky. Feeding off the bottom of the tank, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex.

Peppermint Plecostomus (L-31)

(Parancistrus sp.)
Peppermint Plecostomus (L-31)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
Care Level: Moderate
Tank Conditions: 73-79F; pH 6.5-7.0; KH 4-8
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 7"
Color Form: Black, White Markings
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Peppermint Plecostomus is one of the more beautiful plecos and has a dark brown to black color. The body and fins are marked with many very small brilliant white specks. They make a wonderful addition to any freshwater, peaceful community aquarium. There are hundreds of fish in the Loricariidae family, and as a result, you may see a reference to the letter "L" for the family Loricariidae, followed by a number. The Peppermint Pleco is referred to as L030, or L-30 by most hobbyists.

Planted aquariums with high aeration and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Peppermint Pleco. A 50 gallon aquarium or larger is recommended for this species.

Feeding the Peppermint Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not picky. Feeding off the bottom of the tank, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplementing with high quality flake food, sinking herbivore pellets, and freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex.

Pario-Ancistrus Pleco (L-048)

(Scobinancistrus pariolispos)
Pario-Ancistrus Pleco (L-048)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 74-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 1'
Color Form: Black, Brown, White
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricoriidae

The Pario-Ancistrus Pleco comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. The body is black to dark brown and has numerous, closely-spaced white spots covering the entire body and fins. Pario-Ancistrus Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Pario-Ancistrus Pleco. A recommended minimum tank of 70 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The breeding habits of the Pario-Ancistrus Pleco are unknown.

Feeding the Pario-Ancistrus Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Net Pleco (L-037)

(Peckoltia platyrhyncha)
Net Pleco (L-037)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Brown, Tan
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricoriidae

The Net Pleco comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. The body is tan with dark brown stripes covering the back half of the fish with web-like markings in dark brown covering the head. Net Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Net Pleco. A recommended minimum tank of 30 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Net Pleco has not been bred in an aquarium setting and little is known about their breeding habits.

Feeding the Net Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplementing with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex.

Opal Dot Pleco (L-82)

(Scobiancistrus sp.)
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Opal Dot Pleco (L-82)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 74-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 1'
Color Form: Black, Brown, Yellow
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Brazil
Family: Loricoriidae

The Opal Dot Pleco is also known as the Orange Spot Pleco or by its L number L-82, and comes from the rivers and tributaries of Brazil. The body is black to dark brown in coloration, and has numerous, irregularly shaped yellow dots covering the body and fins. The Opal Dot Pleco is a special find, and will make an interesting addition to any moderately large community aqauarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Opal Dot Pleco. Due to their potential size, a recommended minimum aquarium of 70 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The breeding habits of the Opal Dot Pleco are unknown.

Feeding the Opal Dot Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is insufficient algae or left over food present, supplement with a high quality flake food, dried algae sheets, and sinking algae wafers.

Yellow Prince Tiger Pleco (L-72)

(Peckoltia sp.)
Yellow Prince Tiger Pleco (L-72)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Yellow
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Yellow Prince Tiger Plecostomus comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. The main color is yellow with dark brown spots and stripes covering the entire body and fins. The eyes are striped to follow the markings on the head. Yellow Prince Tiger Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Yellow Prince Tiger Plecostomus. A recommended minimum tank of 30 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Yellow Prince Tiger Plecostomus has not been bred in an aquarium setting and little is known about their breeding habits.

Feeding the Yellow Prince Tiger Plecostomus is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the tank, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Red Lizard Whiptail Plecostomus (L-10A)

(Rineloricaria sp.)
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Red Lizard Whiptail Plecostomus (L-10A)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
Care Level: Moderate
Tank Conditions: 73-79F; pH 6.5-7.0; KH 4-8
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 6"
Color Form: Bright Red, Orange, Pale, Red
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Red Lizard Whiptail Plecostomus has a very long and slender tail. These plecos develop a brilliant red coloration as they mature. They make a wonderful addition to any freshwater, peaceful community aquarium. There are hundreds of fish in the Loricariidae family, and as a result, you may see a reference to the letter "L" for the family Loricariidae, followed by a number. The Red Lizard Whiptail Pleco is referred to as L010a, or L-10a by most hobbyists.

Planted aquariums with high aeration and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Red Lizard Whiptail Pleco. A 50 gallon aquarium or larger is recommended for this species.

Feeding the Red Lizard Whiptail Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not picky. Feeding off the bottom of the tank, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplementing with high quality flake food, sinking herbivore pellets, and freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex.

Rio de Para Pleco (L-75)

(Hypostomus sp.)
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Rio de Para Pleco (L-75)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-82F; pH 6.0-7.5; KH 4-8
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 9"
Color Form: Black, Cream, Gold
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Herbivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Brazil
Family: Loricariidae

The Rio de Para Pleco originates from the rivers and tributaries of Brazil, and is also known as the Para Pleco or by its Loricariidae number, L-75. They are a beautiful species that is cream to gold in color with many dramatic black polka dots. Their dorsal fin is large for their size and is outlined in black and adorned with the same black polka dot pattern.

A larger aquarium of at least 70 gallons is recommended to house the Rio de Para Pleco. It will get rather large in the aquarium, so provide plenty of room for it to move. Plants, rocks, and driftwood help mirror its natural environment and help give it a sense of security.

In the wild this fish is an egg layer, but breeding in an aquarium setting has not been successful.

A useful herbivore in an aquarium with algae, the Rio de Para Pleco will keep algae under control under normal tank conditions. If no algae is present, supplement its diet with dried algae sheets, algae wafers and other herbivore preparations.

Pseudoacanthicus Angelicus Pleco (L-282)

(Pseudoacanthicus angelicus)
Pseudoacanthicus Angelicus Pleco (L-282)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 70 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 74-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 1'
Color Form: Black and White
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Pseudoacanthicus angelicus Pleco is a new species found in the rivers and tributaries of South America. The main body color is jet black with yellow spots covering the entire body and a long flowing caudal fin. Unlike other Plecos that may look similar to this species, the Angelicus Pleco will maintain this coloration when it is full grown.

Planted tanks with hearty fast growing plants, high aeration and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to cut down on stress for the angelicus Plecostomus. A recommended minimum of 70 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Pseudoacanthicus angelicus Pleco has not been bred in captivity and little is known about their breeding habits.

Feeding the Pseudoacanthicus angelicus Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not picky. Feeding off the bottom of the tank, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex.

Rubber Pleco (L-56)

(Parancistrus aurantiacus)
Rubber Pleco (L-56)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 50 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 72-78F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 8-12
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 7"
Color Form: Black, Gold
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricoriidae

The Rubber Pleco, also known as the Gold-fin Suckermouth, comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. The scales are tan to dark brown, with black outlines. They have bristles on each side of the mouth, under the eyes. Rubber Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to cut down on stress for the Rubber Pleco. A recommended minimum tank of 50 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The breeding habits of the Rubber Pleco are unknown. The sexes are difficult to distinguish, but the males have thicker spines on the first hard ray of the pectoral fin.

Feeding the Rubber Pleco is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

Candy Stripe Pleco (L-135)

(Peckoltia platyrhyncha)
Candy Stripe Pleco (L-135)
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 74-79F; pH 6.5-7.4; KH 6-10
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 4"
Color Form: Black, Brown
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: South America
Family: Loricariidae

The Candy Stripe Plecostomus, also known as the Rio-Negro-Peckoltia, comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. It is dark brown to black with irregular golden vertical stripes. The rays of the fins are also golden with black stripes. Candy Stripe Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium.

Planted aquariums with hearty, fast-growing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Candy Stripe Plecostomus. A recommended minimum tank of 30 gallons should be provided to house this fish.

The Candy Stripe Plecostomus has not been bred in an aquarium setting and little is known about their breeding habits.

Feeding the Candy Stripe Plecostomus is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.

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