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Goldfish

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Black Moor
Bubble Eye
Fantail

Lionhead

Oranda
Ryukin

Comet

Lionhead

Oranda

Ranchu

Sarassa
 
Shubunkin

Goldfish originally came from China.  Goldfish differ from Koi in that goldfish grow to a maximum of about 12 inches whereas Koi will grow to more than 2 feet long.  Also, goldfish don't have barbs at their mouth.

Main Categories Types
    Pond Comets - single tail     Gold Comets, Sarasas, Shubunkins
    Fantails     Fantails, Black Moors, Ryukins, Orandas
    Fancy     Ranchus, Bubble Eyes

Comets have a single tail whereas as fantails and fancy goldfish have forked tails.  Orandas have a red cap on their forehead and they have the dorsal fin typical of comets.  Ranchus have no dorsal fin and an extreme arch to their back.  Ryukins are similar to a fantail, but they have a pointed nose which gives a notched appearance to their profile.

Goldfish are extremely hardy and can survive outdoors in freezing conditions provided that they have a fresh supply of oxygen through the ice.  They eat a variety of flake and pellet food, as well as plant material.  Breeding occurs in temperatures around 75 degrees Fahrenheit and can result in hundreds of eggs.  The fry hatch in five to six days.

Goldfish are predominantly an outdoor cold water species, but they can tolerate warm temperatures and aquarium life easily.  An aquarium of at least 30 gallons is recommended and it should be lightly stocked, as goldfish are quite messy.

 Scientific Name:   Carassius auratus
 Family:   Cyprinid
 Temperature:   0 - 38 C; 32 - 100 F
 PH   7.0 - 7.5
 Size:    30 cm; 12 inches
 Life Span:    decades
 Breeding:    Easy, Egg Layer

Compatibility:

Goldfish are peaceful fish.  Comets should not be combined with fancy goldfish, as the fancy goldfish will have trouble competing for food.  If goldfish are combined with other freshwater tropical fish, it is best to limit this to catfish.  Fancy Goldfish can also be combined with danios, ottos, white clouds, barbs, kuhli loaches and weather loaches.

Oranda Goldfish, Assorted

(Carrassius auratus)
Oranda Goldfish, Assorted
Quick Stats
Minimum Pond/Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 65-75F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 4-20
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 8"
Color Form: Black, Blue, Calico, Chocolate, Red, Red and Black, Red and White, Red Cap
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: China, Farm Raised
Family: Cyprinidae

The Oranda is one of several varieties of what is commonly known as the Goldfish, Carassius auratus auratus. The Goldfish originally came from parts of Asia, Japan, and China but now enjoys worldwide distribution due to controlled breeding programs. Resembling the Veil Tail varieties, the Oranda's distinction is in the "hood" that covers its head. Some Orandas have warty growths covering the entire head, including the opercula. There is a high tendency for the eyes to be embedded in the warty head-growth, making them almost invisible. The Oranda Goldfish comes in many colors, including the Red Cap, Red, Red/Black, Blue, Red/White, Calico, Chocolate, and Black Oranda.

The Oranda Goldfish is born without any head-growth. The growth begins to thicken and fold three to four months after hatching. It may take up to two years for the head-growth to be fully developed and its development is affected by a number of factors, including the quality of water in which the fish lives and its diet. A stable, clean tank and a protein-rich diet will enhance the development of the head-growth.

All Goldfish are members of the carp group and are generally quite hardy. The Oranda will do well in a tank of 30 gallons of water or more with a fine gravel bottom and hardy, cold water plants, or backyard garden ponds of 180 gallons or more. Goldfish are diggers and will scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. Roots and well-rounded river rocks are a good addition to the aquarium.

There appears to be a definite courtship ritual when Goldfish breed. Breeding often results in up to 1,000 eggs, with fry hatching in five to six days. The fry should be fed small pieces of live or prepared foods designed for egg-laying fish.

Goldfish are omnivorous and will eat all types of dried and live foods. Limit protein, however, to 30% of the diet. A Goldfish flake or pellet food will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.

Telescope Goldfish, Assorted

(Carassius auratus)
Telescope Goldfish, Assorted
Quick Stats
Minimum Pond/Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 65-75F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 4-20
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 8"
Color Form: Calico, Mottled, Red, Red and Black, Red and White
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Asia, China, Japan
Family: Cyprinidae

The Telescope Goldfish is also known as the Dragon Eye Goldfish and Celestial Eye Goldfish. The most stunning feature of this fish is the large protruding eyes resembling those of a dragon. They have long been considered as the most representative goldfish of China. The Telescope Goldfish is available in many interesting colors, including the Red/White, Calico, and Red Telescope.

When first hatched, the Telescope Goldfish has normal eyes that begin to bulge after about one month. It may take up to three months for the eyes to fully develop the protruding bulge that is so characteristic of this goldfish. The selection of a good specimen places much importance on the eyes. They should be large, protruding, and symmetrical.

The Celestial Eye is a unique example of the Telescope Goldfish that first appeared in 1870. A fine specimen should have large, symmetrical and bulged eyes, with the pupils lying horizontally and pointing upwards. Another feature worthy of note that is unique to this fish is the absence of a dorsal fin.

All goldfish are members of the carp group and are generally quite hardy. The Telescope Goldfish will do well in a 30 gallon or larger tank with a fine gravel bottom and hardy, cold water plants. Goldfish are diggers and will scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. Roots and well-rounded river rocks are a good addition to the aquarium.

There appears to be a definite courtship ritual when Goldfish breed. Breeding often results in up to 1,000 eggs, with fry hatching in five to six days. They should be fed small pieces of live or prepared foods designed for egg-laying fish.

Goldfish are omnivorous and will eat all types of dried and live foods. Limit protein, however, to 30% of the diet. A Goldfish flake or pellet food will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.

Black Moor Goldfish

(Carassius auratus)
Black Moor Goldfish
Quick Stats
Minimum Pond/Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 65-75F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 4-20
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 10"
Color Form: Black, Iridescent, Orange
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Asia, China, Japan
Family: Cyprinidae

The Black Moor Goldfish is one of several varieties of Carassius auratus auratus. Goldfish originally came from parts of Asia, Japan, and China but now enjoy worldwide distribution thanks to controlled breeding programs. The Black Moor Goldfish is of the Veil Tail variety, and has an overall black coloration. Moor varieties have metallic scales. All goldfish are members of the carp group and are generally quite hardy.

The Black Moor Goldfish will do well in a 30 gallon or larger tank with a fine gravel bottom and hardy, cold water plants. Goldfish are diggers and will scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. Roots and well-rounded river rocks are appreciated.

There appears to be a definite courtship ritual when Goldfish breed. Breeding often results in up to 1,000 eggs, with fry hatching in five to six days. They should be fed small pieces of live or prepared foods designed for egg-laying fish.

Goldfish are omnivorous, and will eat all types of dried and live foods. Limit protein, however, to 30% of the diet. A Goldfish flake or pellet food will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.

Panda Oranda Goldfish

(Carassius auratus)
Panda Oranda Goldfish
Quick Stats
Minimum Pond/Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 65-75F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 4-20
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 8"
Color Form: Black and White, Orange
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Asia, China, Japan
Family: Cyprinidae

The Panda Oranda Goldfish is a color variation of the Veil Tail or Oranda Goldfish, and can be recognized by its white and black coloration. The most stunning feature of this fish is the long veiled tail, and have long been considered as the most representative goldfish of China.

All goldfish are members of the carp group and are generally quite hardy. The Panda Goldfish will do well in a 30 gallon or larger tank with a fine gravel bottom and hardy, cold water plants. Goldfish are diggers and will scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. Roots and well-rounded river rocks are a good addition to the aquarium.

There appears to be a definite courtship ritual when Goldfish breed. Breeding often results in up to 1,000 eggs, with fry hatching in five to six days. The fry should be fed small pieces of live or prepared foods designed for egg-laying fish.

Goldfish are omnivorous and will eat all types of dried and live foods. Limit protein, however, to 30% of the diet. A Goldfish flake or pellet food will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.

Ryukin Goldfish, Assorted

(Carassius auratus)
Ryukin Goldfish, Assorted
Quick Stats
Minimum Pond/Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 65-75F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 4-20
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 8"
Color Form: Calico, Red, Red and Black, Red and White
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: China, Farm Raised
Family: Cyprinidae

The Ryukin Goldfish has a curved backbone, a fat belly and long feathery fins. It has a small, pointed mouth and the body is typically triangular in shape. There is a distinct hump on the back immediately behind the head. The Ryukin Goldfish comes in a variety of colors, including the Red/White, Calico, Red/Black and Red.

All goldfish are members of the carp group and are generally quite hardy. The Ryukin Goldfish will do well in a tank of 30 gallons of water or more with a fine gravel bottom and hardy, cold water plants, as well as backyard garden ponds of 180 gallons or more. Goldfish are diggers and will scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. Roots and well-rounded river rocks are a good addition to the aquarium.

There appears to be a definite courtship ritual when Goldfish breed. Breeding often results in up to 1,000 eggs, with fry hatching in five to six days. The fry should be fed small pieces of live or prepared foods designed for egg-laying fish.

Goldfish are omnivorous and will eat all types of dried and live foods. Limit protein, however, to 30% of the diet. A Goldfish flake or pellet food will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.

Red Cap Oranda Goldfish

(Carassius auratus)
Red Cap Oranda Goldfish
Quick Stats
Minimum Pond/Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 65-75F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 4-20
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 10"
Color Form: Pearly, Red
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Asia, China, Japan
Family: Cyprinidae

The Red Cap Oranda is one of several varieties of what is commonly known as the Goldfish, Carassius auratus auratus. The Goldfish originally came from parts of Asia, Japan, and China but now enjoys worldwide distribution due to controlled breeding programs. The Red Cap Oranda is typically a metallic-scaled fish. Resembling the Veil Tail varieties, the Oranda's distinction is in the "hood" that covers its head. In the case of the Red Cap Oranda, this hood is a predominant, bright red, while the body is an iridescent white.

All goldfish are members of the carp group and are generally quite hardy. The Red Cap Oranda will do well in a tank of 30 gallons of water or more with a fine gravel bottom and hardy, cold water plants, as well as backyard garden ponds of 180 gallons or more. Goldfish are diggers and will scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. Roots and well-rounded river rocks are appreciated.

There appears to be a definite courtship ritual when Goldfish breed. Breeding often results in up to 1,000 eggs, with fry hatching in five to six days. They should be fed small pieces of live or prepared foods designed for egg-laying fish.

Goldfish are omnivorous, and will eat all types of dried and live foods. Limit protein, however, to 30% of the diet. A Goldfish flake or pellet food will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.

Crown Pearlscale Goldfish

(Carassius auratus)
Crown Pearlscale Goldfish
Quick Stats
Minimum Pond/Tank Size: 70 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 65-75F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 4-20
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 1' 2"
Color Form: Red and White
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: China
Family: Cyprinidae

The Crown Pearlscale is a member of the goldfish group, long-time favorites of many beginner hobbyists. The Crown Pearlscale Goldfish derived its common name from its iridescent, pearl-like scales and the crown atop its head, similar to an oranda variety. The Crown Pearlscale Goldfish is found in a variety of colors, including red, orange, black, and white, and is almost always a combination of colors. Actually a carp, Carassius auratus auratus can attain a substantial size of 14 inches.

The Crown Pearlscale Goldfish will do best in a tank with a fine gravel bottom and hardy, cold water plants. It is a digger, and will scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. Roots and well-rounded river rocks are appreciated.

There appears to be a definite courtship ritual when Goldfish breed. Courtship culminates in up to 1,000 eggs, with fry hatching in five to six days. Fry should be fed small live food, and until about 8 months of age, have a very unimpressive, drab coloration.

Goldfish are omnivorous, and will eat all types of dried and live foods. Limit protein, however, to 30% of the diet. A Goldfish flake or pellet food will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.

Red Oranda Goldfish

(Carassius auratus)
Red Oranda Goldfish
Quick Stats
Minimum Pond/Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 65-75F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 4-20
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 10"
Color Form: Orange, Red
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Asia, China, Japan
Family: Cyprinidae

The Red Oranda is one of several varieties of what is commonly known as the Goldfish; Carassius auratus auratus. Originally from parts of Asia, Japan, and China, Goldfish now enjoy worldwide distribution due to controlled breeding programs. The Red Oranda is a metallic-scaled fish. Resembling the Veil Tail varieties, the Red Oranda's distinction is in its color and the "hood" that covers its head. In the case of the Red Oranda, the entire body and hood are a bright red or orangish-red. All Goldfish are members of the carp group and generally quite hardy.

The Red Oranda will do well in a tank of 30 gallons of water or more with a fine gravel bottom and hardy, cold water plants, as well as backyard garden ponds of 180 gallons or more. Goldfish are diggers and will scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. Roots and well-rounded river rocks are appreciated.

There appears to be a definite courtship ritual when Goldfish breed. Breeding often results in up to 1,000 eggs, with fry hatching in five to six days. They should be fed small pieces of live or prepared foods designed for egg-laying fish.

Goldfish are omnivorous, and will eat all types of dried and live foods. Limit protein, however, to 30% of the diet. A Goldfish flake or pellet food will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.

Wakin Goldfish

(Carassius auratus)
Wakin Goldfish
Quick Stats
Minimum Pond/Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Easy
Tank Conditions: 65-75F; pH 6.5-7.5; KH 4-20
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 8"
Color Form: Red, White
Temperament: Peaceful
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: China, Japan
Family: Cyprinidae

The Wakin Goldfish is a result of selective breeding and is mostly red and white in color. They have very large eyes for their size, and their body is stocky in shape. They make a wonderful addition to both goldfish aquariums as well as outdoor ponds.

All goldfish are members of the carp group and are generally quite hardy. The Wakin Goldfish will do well in an aquarium of 30 gallons of water or more with a fine gravel bottom and hardy, cold water plants, as well as backyard garden ponds of 180 gallons or more. Goldfish are diggers and will scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. Roots and well-rounded river rocks are a good addition to the aquarium.

There appears to be a definite courtship ritual when Goldfish breed. Breeding often results in up to 1,000 eggs, with fry hatching in five to six days. The fry should be fed small pieces of live or prepared foods designed for egg-laying fish.

Goldfish are omnivorous and will eat all types of dried and live foods. Limit protein, however, to 30% of the diet. A Goldfish flake or pellet food will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.