Red Spotted Golden
Red Spotted Golden
The Discus or Discus Fish originates from slow moving, soft, acidic
waters of wood and leaves in the Amazon basin. They are sometimes called the King of Aquarium fish. They require
very clean water, so they aren't recommended as a beginner fish. There are two main species:
- Symphysodon aequifasciatus, which includes Aequifasciatus (Green Discus), Axelrodi
(Brown Discus) and Haraldi (Blue Discus)
- Symphysodon Discus, which includes Discus (True Discus or Heckel
Discus) and Willischwartzi. These are more difficult fish to maintain.
The Discus has dorsal and anal fins that run together into the caudal
fin accentuating their thin circular profile. The originating wild versions have dark horizontal banding. There
are usually two predominant colors in intricate woven patterns. Discus have been bred in captivity to produce a wide
variation in brilliant colors with names such as cobalt blue, turquoise, red dragon, pigeon blood, royal, marlboro red, snakeskin,
ocean green, red-turquoise and blue diamond. Some show varieties command exorbitant prices.
Discus grow very large, so a minimum tank size is 40 gallons, which
would keep about 4 Discus. Discus are cichlids and are aggressive, so the best combinations are a single discus, a mated
pair, or a large group to spread aggression among. Although Discus do better in schools, but this is not practical
for most aquariums. The tank should be heavily planted. Water can be softened by filtering through peat.
Water lilies and floating plant cover provide subdued lighting, which is preferred. Carbon filtration can help maintain
water quality and weekly water changes are a continuous requirement. Discus will eat Tetra Min flakes, Tetra ColorBits,
Tetra Prima, spirulina flakes, spinach, freeze dried bloodworms, brine shrimp, discus pellets, small fish and beef heart.
Feeding Discus can be expensive and also requires clean up to maintain water quality. Discus are subject to intestinal
parasites. Higher temperatures are suggested for sick fish.
It is difficult to tell the difference between sexes. The
best method of determining sex is to obtain a group of young fish and watch as pairs form. Spawning occurs on smooth
flat surfaces such as leaves, pots, rocks or aquarium glass. The pair will clean the surface meticulously . The
female can lay hundreds of eggs, which are fertilized by the male after the eggs are all laid. The parents guard the
eggs. Fry will hatch in about 2 days. The parents should remain with the fry. The fry feed on skin secretions
from the parents for the first 10 days, after which the parents can be removed and the fry can be fed brine shrimp.
| Scientific Name:
- 30 C; 79 - 86F|
cm; 5 inches|
| Life Span:
||Appistogramma dwarf cichlids, cardinal tetras, clown
loaches, corydoras, glowlight tetras, neon tetras, ottos, ram cichlids |