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Angel Fish

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Zebra Angel
Gold Angel
Wild Peruvian
Marble Angel
Smokey Angel
Silver Angel

Scalare Angelfish originally came from the Amazon Basin.  Unlike the Altum, they come in a wide variety of names, shapes and colors, such as Black, Gold, Striped and Marbled.  The body is extremely thin and disk shaped.  The anal and dorsal fins are very long and eyes are often red.  They prefer a tank of about 30 gallons.  The tank should contain hiding places and hardy plants are best.  Angels are peaceful and ignore other fish, but they can be quite territorial, especially when breeding.  Angels prefer soft, slightly acidic water, but they will tolerate a wide range of hardness and pH. If you don't plan to breed them they should be fine with a pH as high as 8.5

The best way to breed angels is to start with about 8 - 10 juveniles.  Look for angels that form pairs, as you won't be able to identify any sexual differences.  They breed on a flat vertical surface such as rock, leaves or aquarium glass.  Temperatures should be at the upper end of their range.  Make sure the water is soft and slightly acidic to help ensure the fry survive.  Hundreds of eggs hatch in a couple of days.  When the fry have finished their yolk sac, feed them brine shrimp until they are large enough for flake food.  Both parents will also care for the young, but they have been known to eat a few of them too.

 Scientific Name:   Pterophyllum Scalare
 Family:   Cichlid
 Temperature:   24 - 30 C; 75 - 86 F
 PH   6.0 - 8.0
 Size:    9 cm; 3.5 inches
 Life Span:    15 years
 Breeding:    Normal, Egg Layer

Compatibility:

Black Skirt Tetra, Blind Cave Tetra, Chinese Algae Eater, Congo Tetra, Corydoras Catfish, Diamond Tetra, Discus, Gouramis, Kuhli Loach, Lemon Tetra, Mollies, Platies, Plecostomus, Rainbows, Serpae Tetra, Silver Dollars, Silver Tip Tetra, Swordtail

Guppies, Neon Tetras and White Clouds are eaten by Angelfish.  They often hunt smaller fish at night.

 
 
Wild Altum
The Altum angelfish originates from the waters of the Rio Orinoco in Venezuela. They are also known as the Deep Angel due to their height.  They are considered one of the most beautiful angels, but are more difficult to keep than the common angelfish, pterophyllum scalare. They are also difficult to find in pet stores, as they are usually wild caught. Unlike the common angelfish, the Altum has not been bred into a variety of colors and fin variations. The Altum has vertical black stripes and a silver/brown background. There is an indentation or notching at the eyes, giving a pointed appearance to the mouth. The banding helps them hide easily among long stemmed plants. The Altum is much larger than the common angelfish and can reach 15 inches tall.

 The tank for Altums must be large and deep due to their size. Large, long stemmed plants are recommended to enhance the Altums vertical appearance and to provide hiding places. The water should be very soft and peat filtration is recommended. Open swimming spaces should also be provided. Although Altums are peaceful, they can also be territorial. Some open swimming spaces should be provided. The substrate should be large, smooth gravel to ensure their mouths are not cut when gravel is picked up. Temperatures in the tank are best at the higher end of their range. 

Altums are not a great community fish, but larger tetras may successfully be kept with them. As they are mainly obtained in the wild, live foods will be preferred. They will eat live and frozen brine shrimp, granular fish food, and live and frozen blood worms.

Altums can develop black spot disease, which produces small black spots over their body. It can be treated with Black Spot Control from Aquatronics. Avoid using copper sulfate for any Altum disease.

Breeding Altums will be difficult. Pairs can be determined by observing behaviour of larger groups. Soft water will be essential. Parents will guard their young, but other fish should not be present in the breeding tank.

 Scientific Name:   Pterophyllum altum
 Family:   Cichlid
 Temperature:   25 - 30 C; 77 - 86 F
 PH   5.0 - 6.2
 Size:    18 cm; 7 inches
 Life Span:    15 years
 Breeding:    Difficult, Egg Layer

Compatibility:

Other Angelfish, Corydoras, Gouramis, Plecos, large Tetras

Guppies and Neon Tetras are eaten by Angelfish.

Red Angel

(Pterophyllum sp.)
Red Angel
Quick Stats
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Care Level: Moderate
Tank Conditions: 75-82F; pH 5.8-7.0; KH 1-5
Max. Size In Aquarium: Up to 6"
Color Form: Black, Red, Silver
Temperament: Semi-aggressive
Diet:  Omnivore
Compatibility: View Chart
Origin: Tank Bred
Family: Cichlidae

The Red Angel is a strain of angelfish that is silver in color with a red undertone throughout its body. It also has bright red cheeks and varying black stripes vertically on its body.

It prefers a well-planted tank of at least 30 gallons with soft, slightly acidic water. Rocks and driftwood can be added to the aquarium, but leave plenty of space for swimming.

It is best, when trying to breed the Red Angel, to house a number of angels in the same aquarium until they pair off. After a pair has developed, a flat surface needs to be provided where the eggs can be laid. A piece of slate, a large plant leaf, or even a flowerpot should be positioned at an angle of about 30 degrees in an area of moderate water flow. The female will lay the eggs and the male will follow behind to fertilize. After approximately three days, the eggs will hatch and the fry will emerge. Feed the fry newly hatched brine shrimp until large enough to accept crushed flake food.

To maintain the Red Angel's vibrant red color as a juvenile, feed cyclopeeze. As an adult, it will maintain its red color without any special diet. The Red Angel also needs to be fed a variety of foods such as a quality flake food and live and frozen foods like brine shrimp and bloodworms.

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